Phalaris is a perennial grass growing actively through late autumn, winter and spring.  Phalaris is often used in combination with ryegrass, cocksfoot, tall fescue and clovers. There are two main groups:

Winter active: Productive through winter. More erect & acid tolerant. Suited to dryland and cattle grazing.
Winter dormant: Persistent. Suited to summer rainfall areas. More prostrate & denser crown. Neutral pH.

Toxicity in all varieties can cause phalaris poisoning, particularly in the first green crops after the autumn break. Erect varieties do require more careful grazing management to protect their growing point


Confederate Phalaris

Confederate phalaris is better suited to 500mm+ rainfall zones and heavier soil types, with a similar growth habit to Sirosa and Holdfast. Confederate will perform best under rotational grazing management to ensure persistence and production in a typical phalaris based pasture system.

Holdfast Phalaris

Released by the CSIRO, Holdfast GT is a grazing tolerant replacement for Holdfast. It has excellent winter production and persistence. Once established, it provides a productive, long term stand.

Australian II Phalaris

Australian II (Phalaris aquatica) is a prostrate, semi-winter active variety, which forms thick dense tufts of wide blue-green leaves that are very palatable to sheep and cattle. A significant advantage of Australian II is its ability to persist under heavy grazing in dry, acidic conditions.

Key benefits

  • Deep rooted perennial
  • Late autumn, winter and spring growth winter active varieties
  • Very tolerant of periods of water-logging
  • Very persistent with appropriate management
  • Combines well in blends with ryegrass, cocksfoot, tall fescue and clover


Also available from Notman Pasture Seeds